Range Contaminants

Concern over the release of munitions constituents (MC) on ranges and the potential for off-site migration endangers the long-term sustainability of ranges. To ensure the long-term viability of operational ranges while protecting human health and the environment, SERDP and ESTCP have funded a significant body of basic and applied research to improve understanding of the MCs resulting from military training activities on ranges and to develop better sampling methodologies applicable for ranges, as well as technologies to treat or contain MCs in soil and groundwater.

Product List by Product and Date Posted
Product Date Posted

Energetic Compounds on Military Training Ranges

Web Site

This website transfers researcher-developed knowledge on characterizing and mitigating energetics contamination to stakeholders who support training activities and environmental protection for the Department of Defense (DoD). The site offers information and recommendations based on researchers' experience, but it is not regulatory in nature. The focus is on recent (post World War II) energetic compounds deposited on terrestrial ranges.

Mar 2018

Department of Defense Operational Range Sustainability through Management of Munitions Constituents


This technical report illustrates the environmental risks posed from the deposition of munitions constituent residue on ranges from live-fire training activities. It focuses on energetic compounds (explosives and propellants) on operational land based ranges and provides full descriptions of all background material and technologies.  It describes the state-of-the-art management technologies designed to slow or halt the migration of energetic compounds in soil and groundwater. A compendium version is provided as a quick reference guide of best management processes for munitions constituents on operational ranges.

Aug 2015

Ecotoxicology of Explosives

Reference Book

This reference book published by CRC Press summarizes the state of the science of the ecotoxicology of explosives. The accessible fate and ecotoxicological data for energetic materials and the methods for their development are reviewed in this book, which is based on work funded by SERDP, ESTCP, and others.

Jun 2009

Grenade Range Management Using Lime for Dual Role of Metals Immobilization and Explosives Transformation


This document provides guidance for hand grenade range (HGR) managers to successfully characterize an HGR and apply hydrated lime (Ca[OH]2) to immobilize metals and transform explosives. Tools necessary to continue the grenade range management by monitoring and applying lime to the range also are described.

Nov 2007

Protocols for Collection of Surface Soil Samples at Military Training and Testing Ranges for the Characterization of Energetic Munitions Constituents


This protocol presents the merits and usage of multi-increment sampling (MIS) and U.S. EPA Method 8330B sample processing for the analysis of energetic compounds on active and non-active military training and testing ranges to reduce data variability.

Jul 2007

Method 8330B: Nitroaromatics, Nitroamines, and Nitrate Esters by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)


Method 8330B is intended for the trace analysis of explosives and propellant residues by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using a dual wavelength UV detector. This website provides general information on how to perform Method 8330B, which a laboratory can use as a basic starting point for generating its own detailed Standard Operating Procedure (SOP).

Oct 2006