Past Weapons Systems and Platforms Workshops

ASETSDefense 2016: Sustainable Surface Engineering for Aerospace and Defense

December 6-8, 2016, Lake Buena Vista, FL

The 6th Workshop on Sustainable Surface Engineering for Aerospace and Defense was held December 6-8, 2016. A total of 90 organizations were represented, which included US Department of Defense Components, other Federal entities and both foreign and domestic private-sector partners. Globally, human health and environmental risk mitigation efforts are affecting the use of chromates, cadmium, and other chemicals in aerospace and defense surface treatments. As a result, there is a need for environmentally benign alternatives that meet or exceed performance requirements of current materials. This workshop addressed all aspects of alternative coatings and surface treatments, with special emphasis on performance, service data, approvals and implementation of clean coatings. The following presentation and technical posters are now available. For specific questions, please contact the presenter and for general questions about the workshop,

Presentation Title Presenter/Organization
Chromate Free Surface Pre-treatments for Aluminum Alloys Martin Beneke / Airbus
Wipe Reactivation of Aged Primer Mr. William Betush / Lockheed Martin
Keynote - Report of ESTCP Initiative on Strategy for Cd and Cr6+ Replacement in Depots Scot Bryant / Noblis
Replacement of Chromic Acid Anodizing and Chromated Sealer at Safran Mr. Kirk Bucknor / Safran Landing Systems
Cold Spray for Hard Chrome Replacement Mr. Victor Champagne / ARL
Establishment of TagniteTM Anodizing Line for Overhauling Magnesium Components at CCAD Mr. Kyu Cho / U.S. Army Research Laboratory
Developing an Accelerated Dynamic Test Method Mr. James Dante / Southwest Research Institute
Advanced Environmental Severity Index Dr. Douglas Dudis / AFRL
Trivalent Hard Chromium Technology Status 2017 Mr. Brad Durkin / Coventya
Combining Tagnite with Cold Spray

Mr. Bill Elmquist /Tech. Application Group (TAG)

Mr. Chris Howe / MOOG, Inc.

U.S. Army Cd and Cr6+ Elimination by 2025 Mr. Mark Feathers /AMCOM
F-35 Cadmium Replacement Progress Mr. Scott Fetter / Lockheed Martin
LHE ZnNi for Cd replacement at Hill AFB - Atmospheric and Flight Testing

Mr. Dave Frederick / AFMC

Mr. Craig Pessetto / ES3

Hexavalent Chromium Alternatives: Corrosion Resistant Sol Gels and Cr3+ Conversion and Sealing after Anodizing with Post Treatment Mrs. Juliana Garcia / Socomore
NanoCobalt - CuBe Alternative Bushings

Dr. Alan Grieve / NAWCAD

Dr. Jon McCrea / Integran

U.S. Army Toxic Metal Reduction Program: Eliminating Cr6+ Replacement in Depots

Mr. Erik Hangeland / U.S. Army RDECOM

Mr. Noah Lieb / Jensen Hughes

Securing the Availability of Green, Enhanced Coatings (SAGE-Coat) for U.S. Army Applications

Mr. Erik Hangeland / U.S. Army RDECOM

Mr. Patrick Taylor / Jensen Hughes

Electrocoat Process for Non-chromate Primers in DoD Manufacturing Mr. Bill Hoogsteden / AFRL USCG
Isocyanate-Free Polysiloxane topcoats for Aircraft and Ground Support Equipment Mr. Erick Iezzi / NRL
Chromate-Free Primer for ZnNi Mr. Mark Jaworowski / UTRC
Environmentally Friendly ZrO2 Pretreatment for Steel and Aluminum

Mr. Fred Lafferman / ARL

Mr. Paul Robinson / AMCOM

NASA TEERM Cr6+ Free Bond Primer Replacement Project Dayna Lamb / Raytheon
Aluminum-Rich Primer Development Craig Matzdorf / NAVAIR PAX
Advanced Topcoat System for Navy and Marine Corps Aircraft and Ground Vehicles Craig Matzdorf / NAVAIR PAX
Cadmium Alternatives for Electrical Connectors

Mr. Rich Misiaszek / Raytheon

Mr. Jordan Ford / Tuskegee University

ZnNi on Landing Gear - A User Perspective Ron Montgomery /USAF OO-ALC
Low Impedance Passivates for Electrical Connectors

Dr. Matthew O'Keefe / Missouri University of Science & 


Reducing Test Bias in Evaluating REACH-Compliant Paint Systems Nihad Ben Salah / Safran Tech
NAVAIR Non-Chrome Primers Brenna Skelley / NAVAIR PAX
Evaluation of Different Candidates for Cd Replacement on Mil Aero Connector Market Gerald Tredan / Radiall
Poster Title Presenter/Organization
Wipe Reactivation of Aged Primer Mr. William Betush / Lockheed Martin
Hexavalent Chrome Alternatives for Aluminum Surface Treatment Mrs. Juliana Garcia / Socomore
Electrochemical Technologies for Replacement of Hexavalent Chromium and Cadmium Dr. Maria Inman / Faraday Technology, Inc.
Dynamic Multivariate Accelerated Corrosion Test Protocol Dr. Walter Juzukonis / UTRC
Hybrid, Ultra-Low VOC, Non-HAP Rain Erosion Coatings Mr. Jesse Kelly / Luna Innovations
Environmentally Friendly High Performance Bio-Based Composites for DoD Applications Dr. John LaScala / Army Research Laboratory
Powder Development: Cold Spray Coatings for Cr and Ni Plating Replacement

Mr. Aaron Nardi / United Technologies

Research Center

Non-Destructive Evaluation of Low Observable Coating Degradation Using Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy

Carley Nicoletti / New Jersey Institute

of Technology

Demonstrating Viability of Low VOC E-coat Primers for General Depot Use Matthew Scott / PPG
Novel Atmospheric Pressure High Power Impulse Plasma Source for Durable Field Applicable Coatings

Dr. Vasiliki (Vicky) Poenitzsch / Southwest

Research Institute

Anticorrosion Coatings Based on Assemblies of Superhydrophobic Particles Impregnated with Conductive Oil

Dr. Georgios Polyzos / Oak Ridge

National Laboratory

Non-Isocyanate Polymer Design & Coating Development Brian Rearick / PPG
Selective Electroplating Technology Improvement (SETI) Dr. Alan Rose / Corrdesa LLC
Comprehensive Evaluation and Transition of Non-Chromated Paint Primers Brenna Skelley & Julia Russell / NAWC-AD 
Reusability of Cd Electroplating Tooling for Zn-Ni Deposition Mr. Bart Van Den Bossche / Elsyca
TCP-NP (NO PREP): A Performance Study for a Proprietary "NO PREP" Trivalent Chromate

Mr. Ted Ventresca / CHEMEON Surface


Facile Deposition of Low Contact Resistance Nano-Coat Passivates for Electrical Components Mr. Michael Vinson / Averatek
Development of Azeotropic Blends to Replace TCE and nPB in Vapor Degreasing Operations

Dr. Darren Williams / Sam Houston

State University

Funded Innovative, Environmentally Friendly Coating(s) Development Dr. Peter Zarras / NAWCWD

ASETSDefense 2012: Sustainable Surface Engineering for Aerospace and Defense
August 28-30, 2012, San Diego, California

This SERDP- and ESTCP-sponsored workshop, the latest in a series of workshops covering environmentally friendly coating and surface treatment alternatives, fostered information exchange among 200 representatives from research organizations, chemical and coating formulators and manufacturers, aerospace/defense repair facilities, and weapons systems and aircraft manufacturers. Workshop sessions addressed the impact of U.S. and European environmental and health regulations on defense acquisition and sustainment. Alternatives to cadmium, hexavalent chromium, beryllium, and cadmium were assessed. Other sessions highlighted alternative technologies used for light metals protection, aluminum and magnesium anodizing, anodize sealing and repair, and coatings removal. A focused side meeting addressed cadmium replacement on electrical connectors. For the full workshop report and briefings, visit

ASETSDefense 2011: Focused Workshop on Cadmium Plating
August 30-31, 2011, Baltimore, Maryland

Cadmium (Cd) alternatives are moving toward production in different applications; however, many have technical issues associated with them. This SERDP- and ESTCP-sponsored workshop facilitated understanding of the issues and options, defined requirements for the different applications, and developed a plan for coordinating research, development, test and evaluation activities. The following topics were covered: (1) Cd replacement developments, available data, approvals and implementations, and the general advantages and limitations of each solution; (2) information needed by the decision makers for each application to accept or reject use of the alternatives that vendors are proposing; and (3) information and opportunities for coordination on development and testing programs under way in different DoD and original equipment manufacturer (OEM) organizations. For the full workshop report and briefings, visit

ASETSDefense 2011: Sustainable Surface Engineering for Aerospace and Defense
February 7-10, 2011, New Orleans, Louisiana

This SERDP- and ESTCP-sponsored workshop focused on ESOH and life-cycle cost issues relevant to application of surface engineering technologies for the production and sustainment of aerospace and defense systems, including aircraft, vehicles, ships, and electronics. More than 240 engineers representing DoD, prime contractors, and suppliers participated. Workshop sessions assessed alternatives to hexavalent chromium (Cr6+, chromate), beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Other sessions highlighted alternative technologies used to protect light metals and electronics, new accelerated corrosion test methods, and coating removal technologies. For the full workshop report and briefings, visit

ASETSDefense: DoD Vehicle Workshop 
June 15-16, 2010, Grand Rapids, Michigan

Changes in regulations, DoD policies, and contractual requirements are driving manufacturers and suppliers to find the best alternatives to coatings and surface treatments that contain hexavalent chromium, cadmium, hazardous air pollutants, and volatile organic compounds. The DoD Vehicle Workshop, sponsored by SERDP and ESTCP and the National Association for Surface Finishing (NASF), was offered as part of the NASF SUR/FIN 2010 conference to provide a forum for DoD users, vehicle manufacturers, and supply chain vendors to share experiences and learn about technologies that are available to meet contract environmental requirements and improve performance. The Workshop also provided an opportunity for vehicle manufacturers and DoD users to voice concerns and to help determine the direction for development of improved materials and processes. To view the briefings, visit

ASETSDefense: Sustainable Surface Engineering for Aerospace and Defense Workshop
August 31-September 3, 2009, Westminister, Colorado

The second ASETSDefense workshop on sustainable surface engineering and defense gathered 225 engineers representing DoD, prime contractors, and suppliers. Sponsored by SERDP and ESTCP, the workshop focused on engineering alternatives to chromates to help organizations meet the requirements of the policy memorandum, Minimizing the Use of Hexavalent Chromium, issued by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics on April 8, 2009. Other sessions in this workshop assessed alternatives to beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd), and volatile organic compounds (VOC). More than 50 briefings were presented. For the full workshop report and briefings, visit

Environmentally Sustainable Energetics Workshop
March 24-25, 2009, Rockaway, New Jersey

Energetic materials are used in mission-critical applications across DoD. Environmental, safety, and occupational health (ESOH) laws and regulations have directly impacted training with and the production of energetic materials at U.S. military installations. The objective of this workshop was to establish a strategy for the development and implementation of new, environmentally sustainable energetic materials for use in DoD weapons systems. This strategy was to consider the entire life cycle of weapons systems that contain energetic materials and include contributions from the acquisition, research, training, and environmental communities. Participants identified key ESOH issues associated with all phases of the life cycle of energetic materials.

Surface Finishing and Repair Issues for Sustaining New Military Aircraft Workshop
February 26-28, 2008, Tempe, Arizona

With new military aircraft adopting cleaner and better materials and surface treatments, their sustainment presents new challenges for DoD. Some of the new materials and coatings require different technologies for flaw detection and repair, while others require greater emphasis on process control and surface cleanliness. As DoD moves into the sustainment phase of these new programs, it is imperative that the most effective non-destructive inspection (NDI) methods be defined and repair technologies be developed and approved that are clean, cost-effective, and achievable at the depot and operational levels. To address the various technologies and issues related to the use and sustainment of clean materials on new aircraft and some legacy systems, SERDP and ESTCP sponsored a workshop that brought together original equipment manufacturers, users, DoD experts, and vendors. The objectives were to exchange information on the development and implementation of new surface engineering technologies and to define future requirements and technology gaps requiring additional research and development. For the full workshop report and briefings, visit

DoD Metal Finishing Workshop - Chromate Alternatives for Metal Treatment and Sealing
May 16-17, 2007, Layton, Utah

This SERDP/ESTCP-sponsored technical workshop brought together individuals from DoD and industry to identify specific DoD needs, commercial solutions, and engineering data for replacing chromate processes used for metal finishing in the manufacturing and maintenance of weapons systems including vehicles, aircraft and vessels. A plenary session that provided DoD and industry overviews was followed by breakout sessions grouped by corrosion control applications. The meeting was held near Hill AFB (Ogden Air Logistics Center), and attendees toured the plating and finishing shops at Hill to provide commercial suppliers with a better understanding of how DoD uses chromates. This meeting resulted in the release of a SERDP statement of need related to pretreatments in the FY 2009 solicitation. For the workshop summary, visit

Metal Finishing Workshop
May 22-23, 2006, Washington, D.C.

SERDP and ESTCP co-sponsored a workshop to develop a strategic plan for future environmental research, development, test, and evaluation (RDT&E) investments and to support the transition of demonstrated environmentally benign metal plating and finishing technologies.  Workshop participants (1) reviewed the current and emerging regulations both in the United States and abroad; (2) examined the metal finishing and plating practices currently used in the Defense manufacturing and maintenance community; (3) reviewed the available, environmentally benign alternatives; (4) identified technical, financial, and other barriers to implementation of these alternatives; and (5) identified gaps in current metal finishing technology that should be addressed by future RDT&E investments.  For the workshop summary, visit

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