Munitions Response

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Munitions Response

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SERDP and ESTCP’s Munitions Response program area supports the development and demonstration of innovative technologies that can characterize, remediate, and scientifically manage sites affected by military munitions.

The Department of Defense is responsible for thousands of properties across the nation and around the world, including current and former testing and training ranges both on land and in underwater environments. DoD’s Military Munitions Response Program addresses the legacy of past contamination. This legacy consists primarily of unexploded ordnance (UXO) and discarded military munitions (DMM).

SERDP and ESTCP investments focus on:

Land

As a result of past military training and weapons testing activities, military munitions exist on sites designated for Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC), on Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) and other closed ranges on active installations. The sizes of these sites range from a few acres to tens of thousands of acres. These sites occur in open deserts, farmland, forests and mountain ranges. Geology and vegetation can be simple and benign or complex and difficult. Munitions ranging in size from 20-mm projectiles to 2000-pound bombs can be distributed on the surface or buried at these sites showing no visible evidence of their presence.

The Munitions Response program area is developing and demonstrating advanced sensors, signal processing methodologies, platforms, supporting technologies, and remediation technologies to address the diverse challenges associated with the cleanup of munitions-contaminated land sites.

Underwater Environments

Many active and former military installations have ranges and training areas that include adjacent water environments such as ponds, lakes, rivers, estuaries, and coastal ocean areas. On other sites, training and testing areas were deliberately situated in water environments. Disposal and accidents have generated munitions contamination in the coastal and inland waters throughout the United States. The underwater environment both restricts access and may significantly impact the performance of established and emerging characterization technologies.

The Munitions Response program area supports the development of technologies that can detect, characterize, and remediate military munitions in underwater sites.