Deployable Satellite-Based Model for Assessing Saltwater Intrusion Impacts Under Future Sea-Level Rise Scenarios
Benjamin Hamlington | NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
The overarching objective of this project is to assess potential saltwater intrusion impacts at Department of Defense (DoD) installations using a reduced-order model that is scalable to large regions but that also addresses the need for local specificity in complex coastal regions.
The project team will develop and implement a model that estimates changes to coastal groundwater levels and the position of the freshwater-saltwater interface in response to projected regional sea-level rise. The significance of this work lies in the novelty of synthesizing large-scale, high-resolution terrestrial and oceanic datasets while incorporating accurate regional sea-level rise projections. The result will be a scalable method that produces consistent global assessments. The core model will provide a screening level assessment of water table rise and saltwater intrusion at all DoD installations across the globe. The core model will be evaluated in specific regions of increasing coastal complexity, where the topology of the coastline and topography may interact with rising seas to drive saltwater intrusion from multiple directions. This tiered approach will allow for the development of an easily implemented, reduced-order global model that can be integrated with more regional sophisticated analyses to meet challenges of complex coastlines. The approach will lead to a high technology readiness level by the end of the project, and a detailed transition plan for incorporating the model into the DoD Regional Sea Level Database (DRSL) database.
The model will be developed to provide a consistent screening level of assessment of the threat of saltwater intrusion at all DoD installations across the globe (not just the continental United States), adding complexity as dictated by region-specific factors. The model will be designed for seamless integration into the DRSL database to provide a combined assessment of the impacts of a non-stationary climate. As currently developed, the DRSL database provides consistent information on future sea-level rise across all installations. The project team has constructed the project and model with a strong view toward implementation into the DRSL database, recognizing that providing an assessment for only specific installations or specific regions would lead to installations where an assessment is out of scope or not possible. The approach is one of the first to synthesize existing large-scale high-resolution datasets in order to assess saltwater intrusion over global scales. This work takes advantage of National Aeronautics and Space Administration observational systems and products derived from these observations. As the satellite coastal observing network expands in the future, modeling approaches will grow in their usefulness and ability to project future coastal impacts.